Friday, May 29, 2020

The Handsomest Drowned Man in the World - Free Essay Example

Sea Imagery The Handsomest Drowned Man in the World is full of sea imagery, from the title on forward. When the dead body first approaches the shore, the kids playing think he is a whale; then, a ship. He even looks like some sort of funky sea monster: when [his body] washed up on the beach, they removed the clumps of seaweed, the jellyfish tentacles, and the remains of fish and flotsam, and only then did they see that it was a drowned man (1). And shortly after, were told that he had the smell of the sea about him and only his shape gave one to suppose that it was the corpse of a human being, because the skin was covered with a crust of mud and scales (2). The women use a sail to make him a shirt. They suppose that, if he were alive, he would have had so much authority that he could have drawn fish out of the sea simply by calling their names (4). And later they imagine his soft, pink, sea lion hands as hes stretched out like a sperm whale (7, 11). What we see is that the drowned man is an object of the sea. He comes from it at the start of the story, and he is returned at the end to the sea, where the fish are blind and the divers die of nostalgia (9). The connection between the drowned man and the sea highlights his role as an almost supernatural figure of mythology. He doesnt quite belong in this world, our world. Mythology The drowned man represents any number of mythological or epic historical figures, and well go through them one by one. First off is the name the villagers assign him: Esteban. Who is this Esteban? As it turns out, Esteban is another name for Estevanico, a slave from the early 1500s who was supposedly the first man born in Africa to set foot in the Americas. Estevanico (or Esteban) became a legendary figure in Latin America, and was later given a set of incredible skills – he mastered dozens of languages, knew everything about medicine, was even considered by some to be a deity, or so the story goes. When the women of the village call the drowned man Esteban, they might very well be referring to this Estevanico. (At the end of the story, the women magine a captain speaking of Estebans village in fourteen languages (12). This may be a reference to the myth that Estevanico spoke so many languages fluently. ) When the oldest women calls the drowned man Esteban, Marquez writes that some of the younger women hoped it might be Lautaro. In the mid 1500s a war occurred in what today is Chile between the colonizing Spaniards and the native Mapuche people. In this conflict, Lautaro was a military leader of the natives. The drowned mans handsomeness and sheer masculinity inspires the young women to fantasize that he is this famed leader. There are some interesting questions to consider here: why is it that the older womens thoughts turn to the Esteban, while the younger women think of Lautaro? And why is it that, once they get a better look at the drowned man, everyone agrees that it is Esteban, rather than Lautaro? Many scholars have also pointed out that the drowned man is a shade of Quetzalcoatl, an Aztec god. The drowned man in many ways takes on the role of a deity for the villagers. He arrives from some other world (the sea), is essentially worshipped by the villagers, and permanently changes their lives. Mythology in this story isnt limited just to the drowned man. The entire tale is rooted in mythological history; even the villagers take on mythological roles themselves by the end of the narrative. When the women weep for the drowned man at his funeral, Marquez writes, Some sailors who heard weeping from a distance went off course and people heard of one who had himself tied to the mainmast, remembering ancient fables about sirens (12). This comment is an allusion to Greek mythology. Some background on the sirens. The sirens were half-women, half-bird creatures who lived on an island. They used to sing in beautiful voices to lure sailors off their course. The sailors would head towards the voices and then crash their ships on the jagged rocks, which pretty much meant death. When Odysseus was sailing by the sirens island, he made the rest of his men plug up their ears and tie him to the mainmast. This way, he got to hear the beautiful sound of their voices without being driven to suicide. Here in The Handsomest Drowned Man, the women weeping over Lautaro are compared to the sirens, and some sailor going by ties himself to the main mast in an attempt to mimic Odysseus. The point is that through the drowned man, the villagers enter the realm of the mythological themselves. The allusions to Esteban, Lautaro, Quetzalcoatl, and Odysseuss sirens illustrates the magical realism weve been mentioning. (If you havent read Genre yet, go ahead and take a look. ) The Handsomest Drowned Man in the World is exploring this mingling of the real (a little fishing village) with the mythological (a magnificent dead man). Flowers The first thing we hear about the village is that its made up of twenty-odd wooden houses that had stone courtyards with no flowers [†¦] on the end of a desertlike cape (3). Now jump to the womens speculations about the drowned mans abilities: He would have put so much work into his land that springs would have burst forth from among the rocks so that he would have been able to plant flowers on the cliffs (4). Immediately weve got contrast between the world of the villagers and that of the drowned man. His arrival is like a splash of color against their grey landscape. If the village is dry and colorless, the drowned man brings with him the possibility of lively springs and bright flowers. And sure enough, this possibility is soon realized. As the women prepare for the drowned mans funeral, they go to get flowers from neighboring villages. They return with other women who could not believe what they had been told, and those women went back for more flowers when they saw the dead man, and they brought more and more until there were so many flowers and so many people that it was hard to walk about (12). At the end of the story, notice the specific details of the villagers dream for a better future: They were going to paint their house fronts gay colors to make Estebans memory eternal and they were going to break their backs digging for springs mong the stones and planting flowers on the cliffs so that in future years at dawn the passengers on great liners would awaken, suffocated by the smell of gardens on the high seas. (12) This is a far cry from the desertlike cape we first met at the beginning of the story. The flowers touch on one of the major themes of Marquezs story: the ability of the truly great to inspire others to greatness. What does this have to do with flowers? Check out Whats Up with the Ending? Well pull it all together

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Comparing and Contrasting Nelson Mandela’s Inaugural...

Nelson Mandela’s inaugural address was delivered outdoors in an amphitheatre on 10th May 1994 at the Union Buildings, South Africa. The Union Buildings housed the first democratically elected, first black and first equal president of South Africa. This historic event was attended by politicians and dignitaries from over 140 countries all over the world, such as Bill Clinton, the President of the United States at the time, and John Mayor, British PM at the time. This address was to show that after years of oppression, blacks and coloureds were no longer separated from whites and the country was starting to become united as one. Fourteen years after this celebrated address, new Labor Prime Minister of Australia after ten years of Liberal†¦show more content†¦Yet both politicians lower their inflection or speed up dring talking about the negatives to acknowledge them yet not dwell on the past. Nelson Mandela pauses on the light and dark aspects of the speech to accentua te the importance of each and to let the audience reflect on each. e.g. poverty (p) deprivation (p) suffering (p). Both speakers and speeches impact the audience in much the same ways. In Mandela’s speech it is trying to unite the whole country as equals instead of segregated groups. Mandela makes the audience remember the troubles of the past yet at the same time look forward to the future. In Rudd’s address he does the same by apologizing from the ancestors actions of the non-indigenous population of Australia but at the same time he looks towards the future, to a more peaceful future. Yet both audiences receive the information act differently. In South Africa there were jubilant scenes throughout the nation and when President Mandela was actually delivering his speech he is interrupted by cheering admirers. But in Rudd’s audience he was never interrupted and there were was less reaction around the country than South Africa In conclusion, these speeches inspire me as it reminds me tha while there will always be antagonist and make trouble, there are still people who can even after all the hardships and tragedies of the past, they can look past it in pride and forgive and also look forward to

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Video Report for Journal of Hospital Infection - MyAssignmenthelp

Question: Discuss about theVideo Report for Journal of Hospital Infection. Answer: IV Priming is required in replacing the fluids, preventing nutritional imbalances and in providing IV medication theory (Van Der Eijk et al. 2014). The video explains the process of Priming IV line and IV therapy but neglects the privacy concerns. Maintaining privacy is an essential part of making videos. The videos must hide the identity of the patients in order to ensure privacy. However, the video did not maintain privacy that might lead to discomfort or conflicts. Another mistake in the video was that the five moments for hand hygiene was not maintained. The five moments for hand hygiene includes washing hands before touching the patients, before the cleaning procedure, after touching patients body fluid, after touching the patient and after touching the surroundings of the patient. These approaches were not taken into consideration in the entire video. These five moments of hand hygiene are an essential part of the work of the health care workers (Gould et al. 2017). Ignorance of any one aspect of the hand hygiene might lead to unwanted consequences for both the patient and the health worker. Maintaining hand hygiene is an essential practice that relates to the administration of medical care that helps in preventing or minimizing the spreading of diseases. The major purpose of maintaining hand hygiene is to remove pathogens and chemicals from the hands that might harm the patient as well as the health worker (Rai et al. 2017). Another major mistake in the video was that it did not mention air embolism although it was ensured that the line is free from air. Air embolism refers to the situation when air bubbles enter the blood vessels that block the supply of blood in the veins (McCarthy et al. 2017). Air embolism often leads to death of the patients as it can cause heart attacks, respiratory failures and stroke. Therefore, it is necessary to prevent air embolism while inserting the syringe or IV. Proper training is required to be given to the health workers and doctors in order to avoid the entrance of air bubbles in the veins of the patients during medical procedures (Alisantoso et al. 2015). Ignoring this aspect might risk the health of the patients. However, the video neglects the critical aspect of air embolism that might provide wrong knowledge to the viewers regarding Priming IV line and IV therapy. Lastly, the information regarding heart diseases and kidney failures were not asked in the video. It is necessary to ask the patients regarding any heart or kidney problems they have suffered from in the past. In order to ensure safety of the patients, it becomes necessary to know their medical background. Improper medication might further deteriorate the medical condition of the patients (Sherwin et al. 2014). Therefore, the health workers must obtain proper knowledge of the medical background of the patients in order to ensure that they provide proper medication to the patients. However, the video neglects this concern that might provide wrong information to the viewers. Any wrong information provided to the users might risk the health of the patients. References: Alisantoso, D., Cheng, K.J. and Neo, K., Becton, Dickinson, 2015.IV drip chamber with filter and bottom reservoir. U.S. Patent 8,974,414. Gould, D.J., Creedon, S., Jeanes, A., Drey, N.S., Chudleigh, J. and Moralejo, D., 2017. Impact of observing hand hygiene in practice and research: a methodological reconsideration.Journal of Hospital Infection,95(2), pp.169-174. McCarthy, C.J., Behravesh, S., Naidu, S.G. and Oklu, R., 2017. Air embolism: diagnosis, clinical management and outcomes.Diagnostics,7(1), p.5. Rai, H., Knighton, S., Zabarsky, T.F. and Donskey, C.J., 2017. A randomized trial to determine the impact of a 5 moments for patient hand hygiene educational intervention on patient hand hygiene.American journal of infection control,45(5), pp.551-553. Sherwin, C.M., Medlicott, N.J., Reith, D.M. and Broadbent, R.S., 2014. Intravenous drug delivery in neonates: lessons learnt.Archives of disease in childhood, pp.archdischild-2013. Van Der Eijk, A.C., Van Der Plas, A.J., Van Der Palen, C.J.N.M., Dankelman, J. and Smit, B.J., 2014. In vitro measurement of flow rate variability in neonatal IV therapy with and without the use of check valves.Journal of neonatal-perinatal medicine,7(1), pp.55-64.

Friday, April 17, 2020

The Genres of My Life Essay Example For Students

The Genres of My Life Essay Alarm blaring, I roll over to find my phone. I’ve hit snooze about three times already; if I don’t get up now I’ll be late for class. I question what state of mind I must have been in to sign up for an 8:00 AM and two classes immediately following it. I find my phone, turn off my alarm and begin to look at what all I had missed during the whole six hours I was asleep. There’s always something; the online world never sleeps. I check everything: my messages, Twitter, Instagram, Snapchat, Facebook and even my emails. We will write a custom essay on The Genres of My Life specifically for you for only $16.38 $13.9/page Order now This won’t be the last time though; I’ll check them all over again in about an hour and then several more times within the hours to follow. As awful as it is, I’m always on my phone. It’s such a great way to stay in touch with people, and it makes so many different genres of communication available to me. I roll out of bed, run a brush through my hair, brush my teeth and try to put a little makeup on. I see that I have two new text messages from my boyfriend that lives in Orlando. I quickly respond to his text saying, â€Å"Good morning!!! As I walk out the door for my first class at approximately 7:48 AM, I text my close friend who is in it with me. I let her know that I’m on my way to her dorm. Then, about one hundred feet from her building I’ll text her again letting her know that I’ve arrived. As early as it is, I’ve already used one genre of communication: text messaging. This is easily the most common form of communication used by people who are not physically with each other. It is possible that a genre has sub-genres within itself. For example, my boyfriend and I being long distance, our relationship depends heavily on texting. Since we’re so comfortable texting each other, the way I text him is a lot different than how I text other people. We have very casual conversations. With him, I may abbreviate words and not worry much about my grammar or sentence structure. This is much different than how I’d text a classmate or someone else I was less familiar with. For them, I would be a lot more formal. I would be careful with the words that I choose and make sure to use proper grammar. Before sending the text I would reread it to make sure that no mistakes were made. Surprisingly, my friend and I manage to get to class a few minutes early. We find seats in the large lecture hall and sit down. I pull out my phone and, as I said I would, go through and check my social media to pass the time, as if I missed something since I last checked each of them forty-five minutes ago. I open twitter and scroll through the new tweets. I see that someone has tweeted â€Å"Why did I sign up for an 8:00 AM again? † I laugh to myself because I remember thinking the exact same thing this morning. I retweet their tweet and continue scrolling. Although twitter isn’t often thought of as a form of communication, it is a great way to connect with people. For me, it’s how I stay connected with everyone I went to high school with. You can tell by their tweets how they’re doing and what they’re up to. It’s an easy way to stay updated about people’s lives without actually having to stay in constant contact with them. Class starts, so I put away my phone and begin to take notes. However, it isn’t long until my ADD kicks in and I find it impossible to pay attention. I take my phone back out and check Instagram. I look through the pictures posted within the last twelve hours and see that there was a lot going on last night. I see that Kappa Sigma had a date function last night and my friend dressed like a jogger, another friend got thrown in the fountain for her birthday, and I see Kim Kardashian’s latest selfie. Instagram is where people post memorable pictures for their followers to see. Again, the people I follow are mostly people from high school. It’s another way to stay updated with what everyone is doing, but in the form of pictures. Class comes to an end. I pack up my stuff and head off to what will be my second class of the day. The class is just across the street from where my first one was so I get there with plenty of time to spare. .u818cecf91f1f96b1ccb8cb29a0f0eb11 , .u818cecf91f1f96b1ccb8cb29a0f0eb11 .postImageUrl , .u818cecf91f1f96b1ccb8cb29a0f0eb11 .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u818cecf91f1f96b1ccb8cb29a0f0eb11 , .u818cecf91f1f96b1ccb8cb29a0f0eb11:hover , .u818cecf91f1f96b1ccb8cb29a0f0eb11:visited , .u818cecf91f1f96b1ccb8cb29a0f0eb11:active { border:0!important; } .u818cecf91f1f96b1ccb8cb29a0f0eb11 .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u818cecf91f1f96b1ccb8cb29a0f0eb11 { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u818cecf91f1f96b1ccb8cb29a0f0eb11:active , .u818cecf91f1f96b1ccb8cb29a0f0eb11:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u818cecf91f1f96b1ccb8cb29a0f0eb11 .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u818cecf91f1f96b1ccb8cb29a0f0eb11 .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u818cecf91f1f96b1ccb8cb29a0f0eb11 .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u818cecf91f1f96b1ccb8cb29a0f0eb11 .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u818cecf91f1f96b1ccb8cb29a0f0eb11:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u818cecf91f1f96b1ccb8cb29a0f0eb11 .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u818cecf91f1f96b1ccb8cb29a0f0eb11 .u818cecf91f1f96b1ccb8cb29a0f0eb11-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u818cecf91f1f96b1ccb8cb29a0f0eb11:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Media Violence And Its Effects On Children EssayI find a seat and get out my phone for the fourth time today. This time I open Snapchat. This app allows people to communicate using pictures and videos. Once you take it, you can choose to either add a caption or draw on your picture or video. This allows people to communicate in a fun and creative way. The app also allows everyone to have a â€Å"snapstory† where they can post these pictures and videos. The coolest thing about Snapchat is that each picture and video only stays on a person’s snapstory for twenty-four hours. After that, it erases and can no longer be seen, but until then people can watch the sna p-stories as much as they want. Snapchat is a newer form of social media and probably my favorite. It makes it possible for people to capture moments of their day and share them with all of their friends. I can see pictures that people post from parties or I can literally watch a video of my friend getting thrown in the Westcott fountain because it was her birthday. About the same time that I’ve run out of snap-stories to watch, it is time for my next class to begin. I find this class more interesting than my last, so I manage to keep my phone away for most of it. It isn’t until the break in between this class and my next that I pull it out again. Now I go on Facebook. Facebook was one of the original forms of social media. Facebook was more popular for my age group back when I was in middle school, but it is still widely used today. I scroll through my feed and see tons of status updates, shared articles and pictures posted by practically everyone I’ve ever known. I don’t do much posting on this website but I do enjoy seeing what old friends are up to by looking through their most recent pictures. Unlike Instagram, people post multiple pictures at a time. And unlike Snapchat, the pictures and videos do not get taken down after twenty-four hours. For me, Facebook is the way I stay in touch with family for the most part. I love seeing videos of my little cousin Annabelle as she grows each month, hearing about the snowfall from my family up North and seeing status updates from my cousin and her husband who are living in Turkey for two years while they teach students English and travel around Europe during their time off. After the shooting at the Strozier Library, I immediately posted a status that let all of my family and friends know that I was safe after the tragic incident. Facebook is a genre that makes communicating with a large number of people extremely easy. With time still left to spare, I realize that I’ve run out of social media sites to check. I then see that I have thirteen new emails. I open them and see ten emails from various stores and websites. I also see an email from my Statistics professor letting us know that class has been cancelled for the following day, an email from my dad asking for the information on the apartment I plan on living in next year and an email from my dentist reminding me of my appointment coming up later in the week. Although I rarely use this form of communication, it is a good way to get in touch with my parents while they’re at work. It is an even better way to communicate with my professors, other than face-to-face interaction. Like text messaging, there are different sub-genres of emailing. If I am emailing my father about something while he is at work, I will make it short and simply state the question that I must ask him. Whereas emailing a professor, I will start with a greeting and be more detailed with what I am saying. .u714ff6e1bb4ca3c9ee20c27c5f8e493d , .u714ff6e1bb4ca3c9ee20c27c5f8e493d .postImageUrl , .u714ff6e1bb4ca3c9ee20c27c5f8e493d .centered-text-area { min-height: 80px; position: relative; } .u714ff6e1bb4ca3c9ee20c27c5f8e493d , .u714ff6e1bb4ca3c9ee20c27c5f8e493d:hover , .u714ff6e1bb4ca3c9ee20c27c5f8e493d:visited , .u714ff6e1bb4ca3c9ee20c27c5f8e493d:active { border:0!important; } .u714ff6e1bb4ca3c9ee20c27c5f8e493d .clearfix:after { content: ""; display: table; clear: both; } .u714ff6e1bb4ca3c9ee20c27c5f8e493d { display: block; transition: background-color 250ms; webkit-transition: background-color 250ms; width: 100%; opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #95A5A6; } .u714ff6e1bb4ca3c9ee20c27c5f8e493d:active , .u714ff6e1bb4ca3c9ee20c27c5f8e493d:hover { opacity: 1; transition: opacity 250ms; webkit-transition: opacity 250ms; background-color: #2C3E50; } .u714ff6e1bb4ca3c9ee20c27c5f8e493d .centered-text-area { width: 100%; position: relative ; } .u714ff6e1bb4ca3c9ee20c27c5f8e493d .ctaText { border-bottom: 0 solid #fff; color: #2980B9; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; margin: 0; padding: 0; text-decoration: underline; } .u714ff6e1bb4ca3c9ee20c27c5f8e493d .postTitle { color: #FFFFFF; font-size: 16px; font-weight: 600; margin: 0; padding: 0; width: 100%; } .u714ff6e1bb4ca3c9ee20c27c5f8e493d .ctaButton { background-color: #7F8C8D!important; color: #2980B9; border: none; border-radius: 3px; box-shadow: none; font-size: 14px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 26px; moz-border-radius: 3px; text-align: center; text-decoration: none; text-shadow: none; width: 80px; min-height: 80px; background: url(; position: absolute; right: 0; top: 0; } .u714ff6e1bb4ca3c9ee20c27c5f8e493d:hover .ctaButton { background-color: #34495E!important; } .u714ff6e1bb4ca3c9ee20c27c5f8e493d .centered-text { display: table; height: 80px; padding-left : 18px; top: 0; } .u714ff6e1bb4ca3c9ee20c27c5f8e493d .u714ff6e1bb4ca3c9ee20c27c5f8e493d-content { display: table-cell; margin: 0; padding: 0; padding-right: 108px; position: relative; vertical-align: middle; width: 100%; } .u714ff6e1bb4ca3c9ee20c27c5f8e493d:after { content: ""; display: block; clear: both; } READ: Internet it's effects in our lives and the future EssayI will use proper grammar and sentence structure also. Once I’ve finished with what I need to say I will thank them for their time and write my full name at the bottom of the email. I will take the time to proofread the email before I send it as well. Emails, although not as popular as they were in earlier years, are an excellent way to communicate with people over the Internet. Finally, as my last class of the day begins, I put away my phone. This class is smaller and more interactive, so I’ll have to stay off of it the entire time. For this class I use a completely different, and easily the most important, form of communication: face-to-face conversation. This is one of the most undervalued forms of communication. I sit and listen to my professor talk about what all we’re going to do with our time in class today. After, she breaks us up into groups so we can evaluate a short story and answer follow up questions. After reading to ourselves, my group members and I begin discussing what we’ve just read. The way I talk to my group members is different than how I’d talk to other people. I talk to them in a much more formal manner since this is the first time I’ve talked to most of them. I will put more thought into the words I say and our conversation will pertain to what we’ve just read. This is different than how I’d talk to a friend. With them, the conversation would be more casual and I would be more comfortable saying the first thing that comes to my mind. Also, the conversation wouldn’t be contained to one specific subject. Each group wraps up their discussion and we briefly talk as a class. Time runs out and we’re told by our professor to have a good weekend. As I step out of the classroom, I get a phone call from my mom. She’s on her lunch break and just wanted to check in. We talk about how my classes are going and how I’m doing money wise. She also catches me up on things that are going on at home: my little sister just made the varsity softball team as a freshman and my other sister just got her first job. Like texting and emails, the way I talk to my mom is completely different than how I talk on the phone with my boyfriend. And even that is completely different than how I’d talk to someone I wasn’t close with, like an employer. With my boyfriend, our phone conversations are very casual. I’ll call him periodically throughout the day to ask him something or just to check in if I’m lonely or bored. Our conversations are very scattered. A lot of times I interrupt him because I think of something that I’d been meaning to ask him for a while. If I were to do that to my mother she would drive up to Tallahassee just to yell at me. The way I would talk to an employer is also a lot different than my phone conversations with both my mom and my boyfriend. With an employer, I would figure out what I was going to say before I call. I might even write it down. I would be extremely cordial and polite. Before hanging up I would thank them for their time and possibly answering a question I had asked. And I most definitely would not end the call with â€Å"I love you. † As I hang up the phone with my mom, I think about my day. I’ve been up for a total of four hours and have already used eight different genres of communication. Each one is unique, but serves the same purpose: to connect me with the people in my life.

Friday, March 13, 2020

Book Cover Design Advice and Inspiration

Book Cover Design Advice and Inspiration The level of digital media rapidly increases every day, but take a trip to your local bookstore and youll probably notice that print design is still alive and well. Although I love working in both digital and print media, theres something special about being able to hold a beautifully designed printed object in your hands, and some of the best and most unique designs in the field today are found on the covers of books.Designing a great book cover can be a challenge- in order for your design to be effective, it has to creatively represent the material inside while being distinct enough to grab the attention of a viewer and make a significant impact. Because of the complexities of the various different kinds of books, designing book covers can be a valuable exercise to practice your design thinking skills. Here are a few tips to get you on your way to designing stunning covers.Start with a conceptThe best way to get started on a book design is to develop a solid concept that reflects t he overall key message or tone of the book. Thoroughly understanding the content and the goal of the content are critical steps in making a successful cover. In order to do this, its a good idea for you to actually read the content if its available to you or if time allows. Even if you have a fast-approaching deadline or the content is complicated, there are still ways you can gain a true understanding of the content without reading it word-for-word. Read summaries or synopses, character sheets, reviews–basically, any material you can get your hands on in order to really comprehend the book.Next, its time to translate themes and messages of the content into visuals. There are a few different techniques to do this, but my favorite is to develop a mood board- itll help you organize any visual inspiration you get from the content. Go through your content and make a list of adjectives that describe the tone or overall feeling. Some example adjectives might be dark, mysterious, pl ayful, hopeful, serious, noir, classic, scholarly, and funny. Find any recurring objects, settings, motifs, or important scenes and add them to your board. You might find that these words and images start to evoke certain color palettes or typefaces that you can start to explore. The goal of your mood board is to create a visual picture of the content and its meaning which you can draw inspiration from. Generally, covers that are more symbolic tend to be more visually interesting than literal cover designs, so think about how you can represent themes with a subtle visual metaphor that might intrigue a reader. Understanding the tone of your book will help you to create visuals for your cover that are appropriate for the content and that hint at the overall theme. Think of the cover as a sneak peek for the reader- the first chance to draw them into whatever is inside.Stick to your genreKeeping the genre of your book in mind is important- the cover of a mystery novel looks very differe nt from a textbook or childrens book, and it might contain different information with a different hierarchy. Depending on the genre, youll have a different audience to cater to and should design with this audience in mind. For example, a young adult novel cover should appeal to teenagers, so you might use a more youthful design or employ trendier colors and typefaces. For a nonfiction book about politics, the cover you design might feel more formal and academic. Keeping the design applicable to the genre helps readers to quickly understand what kind of book it is and what kind of content theyll find inside.Take a look at other book covers in your genre to see what kinds of techniques they use. This can provide a bit of inspiration, but it can also help you to avoid repeating concepts that have already been done or using common visual clichà ©s which show up frequently within the genre. For example, mystery novels often use doors, long shadows, dead trees, etc.- this doesnt mean tha t you cant use these elements, but your cover will stand out more if you find a way to fit within the genre while still being unique. Try putting a new spin on a clichà © or use unexpected visuals or type treatments.Keep it simpleOne of the biggest mistakes I see with novice book cover designs is trying to do too many things at once. Keep typefaces, colors, and information to a minimum- remember, you only have a few seconds to grab the attention of a reader. This doesnt mean that you have to create a minimal design, but making sure the elements of your cover arent overwhelming together is critical to a professional-looking design.Make sure your layout has a clear hierarchy- this will help a reader navigate through the presented information and understand it easier and faster. Keep all copy as legible and easy-to-read as possible- this is especially important if youre given a lot of copy to put on the cover. Contrasting your type and imagery can help create a pleasant visual balance . For example, if you choose a busy, complicated image as a background, contrast that with a simple typeface so that the two dont compete. Relate the placement of your type with the image so that the design feels intentional and cohesive. The two should work together harmoniously so that the cover feels great and cohesive as a whole.Dont forget productionProduction is another important aspect of book cover design to keep in mind. Make sure you know the specifications of your book cover- this includes things like spine width, bleed, margins and safe areas, and where the barcode will go. Having this information before you start designing will help save time and hassle in the long run.There are a variety of binding and finishing options that can elevate your design and get a passerby to pick it up. Depending on the project budget (and how much control you have in the production process), elements like spot gloss, foil stamping, coatings, and embossing can be options to consider. Howeve r, as a general rule, I would avoid using too many of these options at once- simplicity is key to keep your cover from looking too gimmicky or overwhelming. The production of your book cover should feel as intentional and thought-out as the design itself so that nothing feels like an afterthought or out of place.When deciding on finishing options, I like to stop by bookstores and take notes on what other books are doing- what kind of paper they use, whether the covers are matte or gloss, what elements are embossed, etc. This can help inspire you on where finishing would be best-suited on your design. Be sure to discuss production with your client and/or printer to see what options are feasible for the timeline and budget of the project youre working on.Break the rulesOnce you have the basics of design and layout down, dont hesitate to try something completely unconventional or risky. Some of the most successful book covers take this unorthodox approach in ways that make sense for th eir content. Try altering the orientation of the text, losing the margins, or making the text really big or really small. Use jarring or impactful imagery, die cut holes in the cover, or spread the title over the whole front and back. Breaking the rules doesnt work in every situation, but it can allow you a little more artistic freedom to explore and push the memorability of your cover. Doing something bold with the cover is a great way to prompt a reader to pick up a book.Practice!In my opinion, book cover design is one of the best (and most fun!) ways to practice your overall design skills, especially if youre new to the field. Covers require critical thinking, concepting, sketching, typography, layout, and production- skills that can be applied to many other projects. And unlike other mock projects, its fairly easy to develop a fake brief for a book cover assignment. Try redesigning an existing book, or use a site like Plot Generator to develop fake titles and blurbs. Doing a han dful of fake covers as a personal project can help you to improve your skills and provides great portfolio work when youre just starting out. And, because the projects are your own, youll have more freedom to try new things than you might with a real-life client.Below are three fake book covers I designed for three different genres. Each one uses a different stylistic approach and organizes the information differently.This cover for a made-up thriller uses bold, brushed typography and a subtle textural background of a city. The pop of yellow color conveys a sense of urgency and helps the title stand out over the mysterious background.Just because a book is educational or instructional, doesnt mean it cant be beautifully designed. I designed this cooking guide to be simple, using only blue and white, to create an approachable feel for new chefs. The clean, sparse typography contrasts nicely with the more detailed vintage illustrations which make the book feel classic and timeless.For a romance novel, I went with a minimal approach that uses warm colors and lots of white space. I pulled the simple circles off the edge of the cover to reference a sun setting, and the overlapping circles create a sense of connection and movement.Book cover design can be a difficult and complex process, but keeping these few guidelines in mind will help you to create more successful and meaningful covers.

Wednesday, February 26, 2020

Can event management education in the UK successfully prepare for Literature review

Can event management education in the UK successfully prepare for industry professionals of the future - Literature review Example . Types of event management: McDonnell I (1999) says that in order to be successful in the field of event management, no matter what department of specialization one needs certain qualities which are as follows: Negotiating skills. Creative skills. Convincing skills. Coordinating skills. Planning skills. Executing and implementing skills. According to Royal C (1998) there is a list of the varied events that are organized by the cross section of event companies: Business events, Corporate events. Cause related events, Coordinating skills, Fundraising events, Exhibitions, Trade fairs, The Structure of the events industry: Foley P (1996) says that the rapid growth of events in the past decade led to the formation of an identifiable event industry with its own practitioners, suppliers and professional associations. The emergence of the industry has involved the identification and refinement of a discrete body of knowledge of the industry’s best practice accompanied by a period of rapid globalization of markets and communication which has affected the nature of and trends within the industry. Further it has been accompanied by an era of increasing government regulation, which has resulted in a complex and demanding operational environment. The following section describes the key components of the event industry. Begrudge G (2006) says that the events are often staged or hosted by event organizations which may be event specific bodies such as the Harrogate International Festival or the Glastonbury Festival of Contemporary Performing Arts. Other events are run by special teams within larger organizations such as BBC Good Food Show organized by BBC Haymarket Exhibitions or ITMA 2003 which was organized by a team within the NEC Group. Corporate Events are often organized by in-house event teams or by project teams within the companies that are putting on the event. Event management education and Training: According to Walters P (2008) as the size and the needs of the event industry have grown event management training has started to emerge as a discrete discipline. In the early years of the industry the field was characterized by a large number of volunteers. Those event managers who obtained paid positions came from a variety of related disciplines, drawing on their knowledge gained form that discipline and skills learnt on the job. As industry has grown a lot and government is allocating funds for event management industry, this leads a high demand of professional and educated event managers. Event management seems to be an easy job but without having a professional degree, sometimes it becomes really tough to defend the situation. Students have great opportunities after achieving event management degree. Client comes in a company with raw ideas, only a professional event manager can understand their ideas correctly. There is a process that needs to be followed by event managers for confirming the requirements of the client. Students achi eving degree of event management has great opportunities in market as event management is becoming a bright career for them. Now it becomes possible by the event managers to change client dream in reality about their events i.e. concert,